Parliament consists of the President and the National Assembly. The National Assembly consists of members who are directly elected (currently 57) and four specially elected members and the Attorney General, who are ex-officio; members serve five-year terms).  

The Speaker of the National Assembly presides over all the proceedings of the body, and is elected by the members. The Attorney General is the principal legal advisor to the National Assembly. The main functions of Parliament are to pass laws, scrutinise or monitor government policies and activities. National Assembly election was last held in October 2009. The next ones are to be held in 2014. Results of the last election were as follows:

Political Party                                                   Percentage vote by Party                 Seats by Party

Botswana Democratic Party (BDP)                        46.46%                                              41 (ruling party)

Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC)               30.01%                                              20

Botswana Congress Party (BCP)                           20.43%                                              03

Independent Candidates                                     03.11%                                              01

There is also the Ntlo ya Dikgosi (House of Chiefs) – a largely advisory 35-member body on tribal and customary matters. Eight (8) ex-officio members consisting of the chiefs of the principal tribes, and 27 non-permanent members serving 5-year terms, of which 22 are indirectly elected with the remaining 5 appointed by the President.