Basic Information


Map of Botswana


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Botswana boasts a proud record of economic growth and stability as well as a secure political and legal environment, underpinned by good governance, respect for the rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Location: Botswana is a land-locked country located centrally in Southern Africa. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and south-east, Namibia to the west and north, Zambia to the north, Zimbabwe to the north east.

Area: Botswana covers an area of 581,730 sq km making it just slightly smaller than Texas and slightly larger than France. It is a flat country, with approximately 70% of the land surface covered by the Kalahari Desert.

Capital City: Gaborone

Population: According to the 2011 Population and Housing Census the population of Botswana is about 2 million. Botswana is a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multilingual society.

Language: Official languages are English and Setswana. Setswana is spoken by most people in Botswana and there are also various indigenous languages.

Religion: Botswana is a secular state, predominantly Christian.

Climate: Botswana climate is semi-arid. The rainy season is from November to March and winter is from May to July.

When to Go: Wildlife viewing is at its best from June to October.


The unit of currency is the Botswana Pula (BWP). Pula means, "rain". One hundred Thebe constitute one Pula.

Approximate exchange rates:

 BWP 1 = CHF 0.1128

  EUR 0.0822

  USD 0.1123

  GBP 0.0682

  TRY 0.2436

               ZAR 1.1954


Banknotes are issued in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 Pula. See Botswana Banknotes and coins.


All lodges and hotels accept convertible foreign currency. Concerning foreign currency regulations, foreign exchange can be brought in and taken out on condition that it is declared upon entry in the country.


Travel to Botswana

Botswana's International Airport: Sir Seretse Khama International Airport (airport code: GBE) is located about 14 km from the city centre.

Getting to Botswana: There are international flights to/from Harare, Johannesburg, Cape Town, Lusaka, and Nairobi. Air services are provided by Air Botswana, South African Express Airways and Kenya Airways. You can also take long-distance buses to and from neighbouring cities.

Botswana's Visas: Most nationalities do not require visa to enter Botswana but check with your local or nearest Botswana Embassy for more information. Visa Application

List of: Botswana Embassies/High Commissions/Consulates/Honorary Consuls Abroad

Botswana's Tourist Information Office: Tel: +267 3913111, E-mail:,